Thursday, July 2, 2020

Students Perform Poorly on Standardized and College Exams - 275 Words

Why Students' Perform Poorly on the Standardized and College Exams (Research Paper Sample) Content: Why students perform poorly on the standardized and college examsNameProfessorInstitutionCourse Date IntroductionThere is substance evidence in the educational research literature that the differences on standardized and college exams of the minority and privileged students often reflect a high difference in the development of skills as well as possible differences in relation to cultural background of the examinees. This report examines the main reason for poor performance on standardized and college exams and at the same time offering practical ways through which schools may support students to overcome the stereotype threat. The main reason for poor performance of college exams and standardized exams is the fact that standardized tests often ignore the skills and abilities for a student to function in a complex multicultural society. These may include the ability to work collectively in various social and cultural contexts, understand other peoples perspective, and adjust to change and value moral integrity and social commitments. Additionally, use of multiple choice tests often promotes cultural bias in the sense that the meaning of the standardized test question may not only be the same for various subcultures including Hispanics, African Americans, and European American. For instance, the student body in the case scenario comprises of Hispanics (40%), African American (15%) and European Americans (25%). The most effective way to minimize cultural biasness in a classroom set up is using scores to evaluate the manner in which members of the different subcultures perform over time. People who design standardized and college exams are often familiar with certain ideas, objects and cultures, and thus high probability of promoting biasness (Rizga Hernandez, 2015). When students encounter troubles in these exams on the basis of their cultural, they become aware of the fact that the favored culture exists as an impervious class that all ows them to succeed as competition is minimized. This perception may trigger students to not only refuse to take the tests but also drop out of school as evidenced in the case scenario where most male students dropped out in their senior class.Negative stereotypes are generally taken as potential sources for prejudice, discrimination and bias in communications across different ethnic, gender, cultural and racial boundaries since people fear the possibility of their performance confirming existence of negative stereotypes concerning the social group they identify with. Prejudice in a classroom set up occurs when students are required to offer predetermined opinions as evidence in standardized test regardless of the fact that their opinion is not on the basis of actual experience and reasoning. Bias can be deemed as a type of prejudice against a particular person or group that often occurs due to the task and reward structure of a classroom. Stereotype is the assumption that a par ticular student has certain characteristics on the basis on unsubstantiated assumptions particularly on the basis of their race, ethnic and gender background. Discrimination on the other hand is the process through which students learn to react differently to dissimilar motivations. For instance, according to GÃ ¡ndara (2010), African American students perform more poorly on college exams and standardized tests compared to white Americans when their race is salient and performed equally or better when race was not emphasized. It is thus important to recognize the manner in which the educational system provides access to political, social and economic success for the privileged students and erecting the barriers to the privileged students in the minorities in such a way that resource inequality and devalued identities are perpetuated and linked Various theorists have recommended different ways of eliminating stereotypical threats as well as the negative impacts it triggers (Bouche r et al, 2012). Stereotype threat is an inter-subjective pressure caused by situational cues and individual disposition that makes the prospect of being negatively stereotyped. The fact that stereotype threat is situational determined implies that its remedies should focus on the structure of the school. Stereotype threat can be dramatically reduced in a school environment that conveys optimism for the stereotypes ability of the students to meet academic challenges as they provide the students with challenging work and not remedial work thereby persuading the student to adopt incremental theory of intelligence. For instance, Black students who receive message of high standards and optimism on their ability to meet the stipulated standards are less likely to attribute negative academic to bias than the black students who only receive a message of high standards (Appel Kronberger, 2012). The possibility that stereotyped students experience stereotype threat should be condensed in learning-goal environments where stude...

Monday, May 25, 2020

Crucibles of Leadership by Warren G. Bennis Free Essay Example, 1000 words

Thomas is the fellow author of Bennis who contributed to the development of this article. He is a senior member and an associate partner with the Accenture Institute for Strategic Change His profound thoughts have enabled him to understand the deeper concepts of leadership. On the basis of his knowledge and experience, he has been able to help individuals to identify leaders within them. Differences and Learning: As discussed previously that a crucible is actually an experience which alters the sense of identity of an individual. One of the commonly known types of crucibles is prejudice experience. When a person falls prey to prejudice then he is particularly forced to project a vague image of her or himself. The experience is highly traumatic in nature which also sometimes leads to the development of anger, withdrawal or confusion. However, for some individuals experiencing prejudice clarifies their overall personality, their purposes, and roles and the distinctive position that th ey have in the world. The idea of darkness: As a human being we need to understand that we possess a soul which becomes dark over the time. We will write a custom essay sample on Crucibles of Leadership by Warren G. Bennis or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Crucibles are actually beneficial in lightening up the darkness of soul but these are also categorized as the most difficult experiences which often include violence or continued illness. Here, authors have discussed the example of Sidney Rittenberg who spent 16 years in prison unjustly. He was not interrogated in his first year of imprisonment and he spent that year in complete darkness. Expectations: After discussing the traumatic crucibles authors have explained that some of them also involve positivity and challenges, for instance, a mentor or a highly demanding boss. Here, they have given the example of US Court of Appeals Judge Nathaniel R. Jones who gives credit of his success to his mentor J. This illustrates that people can either take job stress from difficult boss and supervisors or they can actually gain benefit from their knowledge and experience.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Influence on Behavior - 1104 Words

University of Phoenix Material Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet Part I: Origins of Psychology Within the discipline of psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. The seven major perspectives in modern psychology are psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanist, cognitive, neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. Describe the seven major psychological perspectives using two to three sentences each. Select one major figure associated with one of the seven major perspectives and describe his or her work in two to three sentences. Type your response in the space below. Answer Psychoanalytic Psychoanalytic theory assess self†¦show more content†¦| | | |Biological |Identify caution as well |It has all the advantages|Share all advantages |Biological answer of why | | |as description and |of experimental, | |this issue happen | | |prediction |descriptive or | | | | |Show MoreRelatedThe Influence Of Social Influence On Behavior854 Words   |  4 PagesThe study of social influence has been an essential topic of study for researchers and social psychologists. Social influence pertains to the different ways people influence the feelings, behaviors and beliefs of others through interpersonal relationship (Fiske, 2008). Also, some key concepts in the analysis of social influence include conformity, compliance, and obedience. Compliance refers to a change in behavior in response to an overt or obscure request made by another individual. Hence, complianceRead MoreSocial Influences on Behavior1114 Words   |  5 PagesSocial Influences on Behavior There are many social influences which have an effect or lasting effect on the behavior of an individual. Within many group scenarios, conformity and obedience play a large role in how people tend to think and behave, especially if they get carried away. Obedience refers to compliance to an authority figure or with others in a group. On the other hand, conformity refers to an individual changing their thoughts, attitudes, and behaviors to accommodate with the standardsRead MoreInfluences consumer behavior1461 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿VINAMILK GROUP Describe and analyze consumer behavior of Vinamilk’ customers. I. Purchase decision process: 1. Problem recognition: The demand for milk is a biological need. They arise from a state of physiological of stress such as starvation. 2. Information search: Internal search: Recovering and searching the knowledge; understanding in memory. External search: + Customers can get information from the sellers fully, particularly and exactly. + Nowadays, with modern information technology, supermarketsRead MoreSocial Influences on Behavior Essay1300 Words   |  6 PagesSocial Influences on Behavior Rhonda Hager PSY/300 June 25, 2012 Teresa Neal Social Influences on Behavior Introduction All humans’ behavior is affected by social influences to some extent. The level of influence will vary from person to person, depending on the several factors, such as self-esteem, their level of self-awareness, morals, and values (Velden, 2007). People do many things to ensure they are accepted by the people in their group and to keep from being ostracized by individualsRead MoreSocial And Social Influence On Behavior Essay1053 Words   |  5 PagesSocial influence Social psychologists try to understand human behavior in terms of the influence others have in producing it (Aronson, Wilson Akert, 1994). The following passage explains specifically how social groups can influence behavior. In particular, the discussion will Center on the role groups play in the formation of social norms and social roles. With reference to experiments, the passage will show the terms and degree to which people are likely to conform under group pressure to thoseRead MoreInfluence Of Influence On A Person s Political Behavior Essay1914 Words   |  8 Pagesis a motive that influences someone to vote whether it be some way or another. Many of the few influences tested, ranged from social pressure mailings to single based issues.The articles argue that although something can influence one to vote it cannot be the only factor that influences a person s political behavior. Taking into consideration findings found in the articles that there are influences that encourage people to vote, I decided to look at both parent and peer influence. For I believeRead MoreFactors That Influence Consumer Behavior951 Words   |  4 Pagesfactors that influence consumers behavior. Cultural factors are from the different components related to culture or cultural environment that the consumer belongs. Social factors are the factors that influence consumer behavior significantly. Personal factors influenced by the characteristics of each consumer. Lastly is the psychological factors influenced by the consumers behavior. When learning about and individual their culture is a crutical to understanding their needs and behaviors. From dayRead MoreInfluence Of A Patient s Behavior972 Words   |  4 Pages There are many things that influence a patient’s behavior while they are in the medical office. Some of those things are heredity, culture, and environment. Heredity is the behaviors that one inherits from their parents genetically. As for the culture, these are the beliefs a person is brought up with. This is what they may see or feel is appropriate and this of course will be different from one person to the next, especially those of different cultural backgrounds. One’s environmentRead MoreThe Influence of Television on Human Behavior782 Words   |  3 Pagesused to know is no longer in black and white or just a tiny box but it is massively upgrading with the hi-tech today that’s why we see only see the flat screen TVs now. It is almost as flat as this board. With these new modern technology, the human behavior is also rapidly changing like I previously mentioned in my first topic. The human needs and wants is basically a major issue covering our e veryday life but here I am explaining it further in a ‘monkey see, monkey do’ situation which technically meansRead MoreThe Influence of Toys on the Behavior of Children1310 Words   |  5 Pagesparents must ask themselves, â€Å" What kind of outside influences am I allowing my child to govern themselves with on a daily basis?† These days, boys and girls alike face the incessant impact of society in their social, intellectual, emotional, and behavioral lives. This influence starts at a young age with the toys and games our little tykes surround themselves with. â€Å"By avoiding specific toys, you should be able to steer clear of violent behavior that you don’t want to see in your child.† (Halter)

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Cause and Effect Essay on Obesity - 962 Words

Tiffany Nali Period 3 May 20,2012 Cause and Effect Essay on Obesity Obesity is one of the main topics in America including one of the main reasons of death.-(begin with a subject) Detecting obesity is easy, but treating it can be very hard to do. Never have there have been so many teens and children not only overweight but obese. In some ways, it could be called the plague of the twenty- first century due to adolescents and teenagers indulging themselves in a plethora of food for every meal they have, therefore becoming overweight and morbidly obese. In the eighteen hundreds there was not a fast food place to go to unlike these days, so children were not obese like they are†¦show more content†¦After coming home from work, parents tend to like to relax on the couch and enjoy a fast meal instead of taking the time to cook essentially promoting that it is ok for their kids to do so as well. Its time parents learn their role in helping and fighting the problem of obesity. During this economic drought parents â€Å"need to protect their childre n from unhealthy foods and from sloth. It’s not easy, especially when both parents are working, or there is only one parent in the home† (p13). For example, it’s hard for my aunt, a single mother of six, to come home from a full days work, clean the house, take care of the children and prepare a dinner. Instead, McDonalds is a cheap and convenient alternative to keep the children satisfied and relieve some of the work load. The accessibility of fast food is one of the main causes parents allow their children to consume such foods. The availability of fast food has become an easy access to the youth of America, due to an increase in fast food marketing and restaurants being built on nearly every street corner. In David Barboza’s article, If You Pitch It, They Will Eat, he explains thatShow MoreRelatedCause and Effect of Obesity Essay1057 Words   |  5 Overweight and obesity is the second leading cause of death, killing 300,000 people a year, ... There is not a miracle pill that will lead to weight loss ~ Richard Carmona Obesity is perhaps one of the most dangerous health problems increasing at an alarming rate due to various factors most of which are related to the changing lifestyles. Here is some basic information about obesity. What is obesity? Obesity is a condition where the fat layer accumulatesRead MoreThe Causes and Effects of Obesity Essay1390 Words   |  6 Pagesresult of cause and effect. For instance, if a match is struck; a flame ignites, if water is put on the flame; the flame is extinguished, if more fuel is added to the fire; the fire gets bigger. A major problem in our society today, the problem of obesity, results from cause and effect. While many factors are involved, the causes for obesity are ultimately from choices made by individuals. One of the causes for the continuing rise in obesity in the United States is because the cycle of obesity, thatRead MoreCauses and Effects of Adult Obesity Essay1945 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction Although many individuals are uncertain about the increasing statistics associated with obesity, more than seventy percent of men and virtually sixty-two percent of women within the United States adult population are overweight or obese (Wilmore, Costill, Kenney). Obesity refers to the condition of having an excessive amount of body fat. If an individual’s amount of body fat becomes too excessive, he/she is at a much greater risk of developing life-altering diseases such as heartRead MoreThe Effects Of Obesity On People, Cancers And Type 2 Diabetes1252 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction: Obesity has become a growing issue in the recent years and its increasing trend is now referred to as a ‘pandemic’ by many researchers and scientists. With a  £3.2 billion currently estimated cost of overweight and obesity to the NHS, one can understand the growing interest in this matter. This essay is going to discuss the bad effects of obesity on people, such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers and type-2 diabetes. Then, this essay will talk about the causes, and how junk food andRead MoreThe Effects Of Obesity On The Health Organization905 Words   |  4 Pagesis called obesity or overweight, which according to The World Health Organization, WHO, (2010 ) is measured by body mass index (BMI), which is the weight of the body over the height squared. People who have a BMI over 25 kg/m^(-2) are considered overweight, while people who have a BMI over 30 kg/m^(-2) are considered obese. Obesity can be the main cause of many cardiovascular diseases. This severe issue can be caused by many factors, and even though there are some unpreventable causes like geneticsRead MoreObesity Is Increasing Around The World And How The Government Should Take Responsibility1554 Words   |  7 Pages Title A Introduction â€Å"The term â€Å"obese† is used for every overweight person who has a high percentage of body weight†. Obesity is defined when a person has 20% higher body fat than an average person. Obesity in many ways causes negative effects on health such as difficulties in breathing and difficulties in walking this is because the body accumulates fat that the body cannot handle. However, the body mass index is measured in two ways, which are the height and weight of a person to see if thatRead MoreThe Reason Of Obesity And Obesity998 Words   |  4 PagesObesity Introduction: In these days, rates of overweight and obesity are growth faster in Australia. Fourteen million Australians are overweight or obese. More than five million Australians are obese. Australian adults (63%) are overweight or obese, almost 2 in 3. And children (25%) are overweight or obese. Obesity has overtaken smoking as the crucial cause of death and illness in Australia. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are 1.9 times as likely as non-indigenous Australians toRead MoreFast Food1145 Words   |  5 PagesRamandeep Singh Mrs. Vinson October 23, 2012 English 1001 Essay 2 Draft 3 Fast food Obesity is an epidemic that is sweeping over the United States today. It’s affecting both adults and children. With the increase in fast food availability and a decrease in the time most Americans have to prepare nutritious meals at home, it’s obvious why more people are eating at fast food restaurants. Obesity is a growing problem in the United States and more and more children are being affected. But do uneducatedRead MoreDuring my first semester at college I have had the privileged to be your student. I learned quite a600 Words   |  3 Pagesenglish but could barely complete the exercises. As time went on I really started to understand the rules behind the way pronouns and their antecedents work which helped improve my writing. The first of the two papers I will be showcasing is my cause and effect paper titled Rising Sizes. Although I did not receive one of my best grades on this paper, I feel that this paper helped to show the way that I can come up with points to support my thesis. The points that I came up with in this paper were someRead MoreChildhood Obesity And How Genetic, Social And Environmental Factors Help The Problem Of Obesity970 Words   |  4 PagesObesity is now considered an epidemic stated by Hall and Elliman (2010) they also declared how around one to two thirds of children will go onto become obese. To be able to avert obesity there needs to be an understanding of what elements can cause obesity, but also to understand the harm it can have on the health and wellbeing of the child, this allows people to support children with the condition. This essay will delve deeper into this in relation to childhood obesity and how genetic, social and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Taylor Tuscai. Mr. Schoen. English Ii Pre-Ap. April 28,

Taylor Tuscai Mr. Schoen English II Pre-AP April 28, 2017 â€Å"The Story that Started A Movement† Charlotte Perkins Gilman is widely recognized for her support of feminism and calls for awareness to her mental condition by voicing her ideas through her original writing. One of her works, â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper†, describes a woman who suffers from severe anxiety and is isolated in a room in order to â€Å"heal† according to her husband. While in the room, she becomes obsessed with the ugly wallpaper, which leads to her fall. In the short story, â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper†, by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, the author discusses the Narrator’s deteriorating mental state, her inability to differentiate reality and imagination, and her desire to rebel against†¦show more content†¦He believes that her sudden mental instability is attributed to her loss of self identity. Therefore, Feldstein and Perkins both agree that the narrator’s serious and sudden downfall is based off her attachment to her doubles in the wallpaper. The symbols that the n arrator sees in the wallpaper also symbolize gender roles and how women are viewed during this time period. Perkins introduces this claim by writing, â€Å"And she is all the time trying to climb through that pattern--it strangles so; I think that is why it has so many heads† (Perkins 6). The author once again discusses the narrator’s visualizations of the trapped women and how they continuously try to break free from the wallpaper. Perkins further conveys that women are suffering from the â€Å"strangling† feeling that comes from male influence and how it leaves womankind in a state of instability to move or breath as an individual. Also, the author includes victorious commentary from the narrator after she escapes from John by saying, â€Å"I’ve got out at last,’ said I, ‘In spite of you and Jane. And I’ve pulled off most of the paper, so you can’t put me back† (Perkins 5). This triumphant exclaim referencing the wallpa per can go two ways. She begins understand that figuratively, the wallpaper embodies John’s double as it symbolizes male dominance. Through this, she assumes the position of the female leader who has freed herself and the figures from the imprisoning males. Lastly, the critic, Elaine Hedges, comments on

The Russian Bolshevik Revolution And The Soviet Revolution

Revolution provides some of the most dynamic and complex parts of history. New countries and governing systems arise from revolution, and these changes not only affect said countries, but also the rest of the world. In the case of the Russian Bolshevik Revolution, the political changes that occurred sent the rest of the world into panic, as they sensed a dangerous threat to their political and social systems. With social and political issues tracing back to 1891, the conditions of Russia in 1917 provided Lenin with the perfect substance for revolution, as boundless displeasures with the Russian war involvement, a failing economy, and a decline in living conditions during World War I created an environment in which his ideas and messages met little opposition and much accord. The first step toward inevitable revolution occurred with Nicholas II’s ascension to the throne, as he declared his intentions to maintain his father’s form of monarchy, much to the dismay of the majority of Russia. The roots of revolution took hold in 1891 during Alexander III’s reign, three years prior to Nicholas’s ascension to the throne. The government, at that time under the leadership of Nicholas’s father, Alexander III, responded insufficiently to the famine that began during 1891. The government purportedly held back food relief pending the confirmation of statistical evidence stating that the people of Russia could not provide food for themselves. The inaction of the government to helpShow MoreRelatedKarl Marx and The Russian Revolution Essay example967 Words   |  4 PagesKarl Marx, a German philosopher, is known for his revolutionary political ideas during the Russian Revolution. He established the idea of â€Å"materialist conception of history†, meaning how society and the economy is organized is determined by changes material conditions. He published this thesis in his manuscript called The German Ideology. While writing The German Ideology, Marx also joined the Communist League, an international proletarian organization, and wrote a polemic against P.J. Proudhon’sRead MoreLeon Trotsky s Influence On The Soviet Revolution1496 Words   |  6 Pagesrevolutionary who played a leading role in the 1905 Revolution, in the eventual Communist Revolution of October 1917, and in the Russian Civil War. Without Trotsky’s impact in the Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks would have been defeated. His own beliefs on Marxism combined with his intellect made Trotsky a target and influential leader in the Soviets. From his studies on Marxism, he created Trotskyism, a Marxist ideology based on the theory of permanent revolution. Also, his organization-building skills andRead MoreThe Russian Revolutions of 1 917 Essay1326 Words   |  6 PagesThe Russian Revolutions of 1917 There were two revolutions that occurred in Russia in 1917. The first one, in February, overthrew the Russian monarchy. The second one, in October, created the world’s first Communist state. The Russian revolutions of 1917 involved a series of uprisings by workers and peasants throughout the country and by soldiers, who were predominantly of peasant origin, in the Russian army. Many of the uprisings were organized and led byRead MoreThe History of the Russian Revolution Essay1235 Words   |  5 PagesThe Russian Revolution is a widely studied and seemingly well understood time in modern, European history, boasting a vast wealth of texts and information from those of the likes of Robert Service, Simon Sebag Montefiore, Allan Bullock, Robert Conquest and Jonathan Reed, to name a few, but none is so widely sourced and so heavily relied upon than that of the account of Leon Trotsky, his book â€Å"History of the Russian Revolution† a somewhat firsthand account of the events leading up to the formationRead MoreLenins Revolution Essay704 Words   |  3 PagesLenins Revolution At the start of the 20th century, the ruling Tsar of Russia had absolute power and his Government was corrupt, hence, the majority of the people were against him. Vladimir Ilich Lenin, the leader of the Bolsheviks Socialist Party wanted a revolution to overthrow the Government. Relative to these times, it was Lenin who directed the course of the oncoming Russian October Revolution. The outbreak of the unrest, in January 1905, found Lenin anxious to set down a novelRead MoreVladimir Lenin And The Soviet Revolution1308 Words   |  6 Pagessituation. Lenin was a revolutionary intellectual who establish the Bolshevik Party (later renamed the Communist Party). He was the leader of the Bolshevik Revolution, and, therefore, began the first government of the Soviet Union. Lenin became leader of the USSR in 1922 and ruled until his death in 1924, when Joseph Stalin assumed power. Though many argue that Lenin started one of the worst governments in history, Russian Communism, Lenin actually provided a solution for the troubling timesRead MoreThe Russian Revolution And The Soviet Revolution Essay1196 Words   |  5 PagesTsar to Soviets: The Russian People and Their Revolution, 1917-21. London: UCL Press, 1996. Read, Christopher. From Tsar to Soviets: The Russian People and Their Revolution, 1917-21. London: UCL Press, 1996. pp. 6, 63. Christopher Read, the author of the book From Tsar to Soviets: The Russian People and Their Revolution, 1917-21, is a professor at the University of Warwick in Europe. Read teaches twentieth-century European history. He specializes in the social history of the Russian Revolution andRead MoreOctober Revolution and Animal Farm1439 Words   |  6 Pageshow did this experience become the motivation/basis for Animal Farm? It was a very negative experience with Stalin’s government, which was supporting Totalitarianism. He wrote Animal Farm in order to show the people about the facts of the Russian Revolution and Stalin rise to power. 2. In what year was Animal Farm first published, and what war had just ended? August 17, 1945, and World War II had just ended. For questions #3-5, refer to the following site: MoreEssay about The Bolshevik Revolution850 Words   |  4 PagesThe Bolshevik Revolution The Bolshevik Revolution started many changes in Russia. One of the most dramatic changes was the change of their form of government to communism. This was brought about by the murder of the Czar and his family by the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks were sure to include the whole family in the murder because of the fear that someday one might comeback and reclaim power. So on July 17, 1918 Czar Nicholas II and his family were murdered. Although there were rumors about hisRead MoreThe Life of Leon Trotsky Essay1462 Words   |  6 Pagesremoval of the Tsar during the Russian Revolution, Trotsky returned to Russia in May 1917. In August 1917, Trotsky joined the Central Committee of the Bolshevik party whose leader was none other than Vladimir Lenin. Trotsky assumed key roles in the events and policies concerning the Bolshevik Government, which included the Bolshevik Revolution, Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the Civil War and views on Russias economic policies. The Bolshevik party focused on their one aim:

Managing Complex Projects

Question: Discuss about theManaging Complex Projects. Answer: Introduction The assignment sheds light on the five points underscored by the case study. The first point is the excellent cognizance of the practitioners. Scholastic specialists, arrangement specialists, and other researchers give imperative bits of knowledge and assorted qualities of perspectives. However, the best way to expand the horizon of knowledge is to converse with the individuals. The second point is experience is synonymous to best teacher. The researcher has disclosed many circumstances over that 85 to 90 percent of learning happen at work. This presumption illuminates each choice about how best to configuration learning open doors for a venture based association. The third point is supremacy of context. At NASA, there are varied instances emanated from the diverse motives of the agency (Hoffman et al., 2016). Cindy Hernandez, a software engineer working on the development of the Orion crew capsule at Johnson Space Centre. The point shows that the supremacy of the context prevails in any kind of project undertaken at NASA. The fourth point is exhibition of task at the team level. The complex projects are the culmination of team efforts. At the same time, such projects juxtapose diverse knowledge and capabilities. For example, in November 2008, the launch of STS-126 manifests the concerted endeavors of approximately 1000 people operating at NASA. The fifth point is necessity of a unified learning model in a project workforce. In project-related units, the workforce improvement endeavor emphasizes the indoctrination of individuals. A strong project unit aims to consider candidate ability, team function and the efficient swap of knowledge across the organization. At NASA, the concept of project failure is entrenched in the mode of learning, as it moulds the learning strategy (Hoffman et al., 2016). Reference Hoffman, E., Boyle, J. and Rogers, E., 2016. REAL knowledge and the James Webb Space Telescope: success and failure coexisting in NASAa.Successes and Failures of Knowledge Management, p.35.